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IDProjectCategoryView StatusLast Update
0037087FPCRTLpublic2020-05-17 01:09
ReporterZoran Vučenović Assigned To 
Status newResolutionopen 
Product Version3.2.0 
Summary0037087: SIGFPE with Val(FloatToStr(MaxDouble))
DescriptionStandard Pascal Val procedure raises SIGFPE.
As Val should never raise exception, but only return non-zero value in third parameter, this is even more annoying bug.

Steps To Reproduce(tested on Windows 7, 32-bit):

program TestVal;

uses SysUtils, Math;

  D: Double;
  S: AnsiString;
  E: Word;
  D := Math.MaxDouble;
  S := FloatToStr(D);
  Val(S, D, E); // SIGFPE here!

Additional Information- the declaration of Math.MaxDouble is changed in FPC 3.2
in 3.0.4 it was:
MaxDouble = 1.7e+308;
And in 3.2 it is:
MaxDouble = 1.7976931348623157e+308;
Therefore the example I gave needs 3.2 to reproduce the bug.

- If you replace the line "S := FloatToStr(D);" with "Str(D, S);" or "WriteStr(S, D);", the bug dissapears!
The difference is only in + sign in front of the exponent:
FloatToStr returns "1.7976931348623157e308" (no + in front of the exponent)
Str(D, S) returns "1.7976931348623157e+308" (notice + in front of the exponent - e+308)

Then, Val gives SIGSEGV only when this "+" sign is not present in front of the exponent.
TagsNo tags attached.
Fixed in Revision
Attached Files


Zoran Vučenović

2020-05-16 19:28

reporter   ~0122860

Version 3.2 is not listed in combo box, so I chose 3.3.1, but I actually tested in 3.2.
I want to report this bug in 3.2, which is about to be released. I hope this can be fixed there.


2020-05-16 22:02

reporter   ~0122863

1.7976931348623157e+308 has 17 significant digits.
FloatToStr() uses only 15, thus rounds up and returns larger value
which leads either to EOverflow in val() or to +inf (if EOverflow is masked)

Zoran Vučenović

2020-05-16 22:18

reporter   ~0122864

Thanks, Nanobit, but, as I said already (in "Additional information"), FloatToStr returns '1.7976931348623157e308', so all 17 significant digits are used.
As I also pointed there, the difference with Str(D, S) is only in that FloatToStr doesn't put '+' sign in front of the exponent part.

And, when the exponent does not have this '+' sign, Val fails with SIGFPE.
Hm... The failure receipt seems to be - 17 significant digits and exponent without sign.


2020-05-16 22:47

reporter   ~0122866

This works for me without exception:
S := '1.7976931348623157e308';
Val(S, D, E); // D obtains the same value
(but I have some fpc3.2 beta)


2020-05-17 01:09

reporter   ~0122869

Last edited: 2020-05-17 01:09

View 2 revisions

Problem is maybe the x87 fpu which is used on 32bit?
Maybe the new precision of the value should be documented as it could break code.

Issue History

Date Modified Username Field Change
2020-05-16 19:22 Zoran Vučenović New Issue
2020-05-16 19:28 Zoran Vučenović Note Added: 0122860
2020-05-16 20:21 Jonas Maebe Product Version 3.3.1 => 3.2.0
2020-05-16 20:21 Jonas Maebe FPCTarget => -
2020-05-16 22:02 nanobit Note Added: 0122863
2020-05-16 22:18 Zoran Vučenović Note Added: 0122864
2020-05-16 22:47 nanobit Note Added: 0122866
2020-05-17 01:09 NoName Note Added: 0122869
2020-05-17 01:09 NoName Note Edited: 0122869 View Revisions